What do the F1 and F keys do on Mac keyboards?

If you’re sat in entrance of your Mac now, have a look down at your keyboard. Sure, it has all the characters you’d be expecting from a keyboard, however there are some keys alongside the highest of the keyboard that may not be acquainted to you. These are known as serve as keys and all have Fx written on them, the place x x is changed with a host, like F1, F2, F3, F4, F5, F6, F7, F8, F9, F10, F11, F12. So what do the the F keys on a Mac do?


Glancing on the F keys on a Mac keyboard, you’ll see an icon for those who glance above the serve as key quantity, and that icon displays what else the important thing can do. And with 12 keys to make a choice from, they are able to do rather a little. Additionally, usual serve as keys can be utilized inside of other apps in several tactics, so make sure to test the keyboard shortcut choices on your favourite apps to look if there are any that you simply must be applying.

Below is a listing of the purposes to be had for all the Mac serve as keys. They must all be provide and right kind for those who’re the usage of an Apple keyboard on nearly any trendy Mac, with the exception of for any Mac with a Touch Bar anyway which makes use of slightly display as a substitute of the F keys. Of path some a lot older Macs will have other purposes assigned to the F keys too, so we’re assuming you’re on trendy hardware.

What the F Keys Do on Mac Keyboards

These are the principle defaults of what serve as keys do on an Apple keyboard when attached to a Mac:

  • F1 – Decrease show brightness
  • F2 – Increase show brightness
  • F3 – Open Mission Control
  • F4 – Open Launchpad
  • F5 – Decrease keyboard brightness (On appropriate notebooks best)
  • F6 – Increase keyboard brightness (On appropriate notebooks best)
  • F7 – Skip again (Audio)
  • F8 – Pause / Play (Audio)
  • F9 – Skip ahead (Audio)
  • F10 – Mute
  • F11 – Volume down
  • F12 – Volume Up

Pressing a serve as key will invoke its secondary serve as through default.

To use the Fx keys as usual serve as keys, press and grasp the Fn button after which press the specified serve as key.

If you’re the usage of a non-Apple keyboard that doesn’t have an Fn key, take a look at urgent and keeping the Control key as a substitute.

Changing Function Key Behavior on Mac

You can trade the default conduct of the serve as keys on Mac too, on the other hand. This mainly inverts their serve as clear of defaulting to such things as brightness and audio controls to straightforward F keys.

  1. Open System Preferences from the  Apple menu
  2. Click “Keyboard” from device personal tastes
  3. Select “Use F1, F2, etc. keys as standard function keys” to make the trade.

Click "Use F1, F2, etc. keys as standard function keys"

If you are making this alteration, you’ll wish to press down the “FN” key at the keyboard after which press the F1, F2, F3, and so on keys to accomplish the motion this is at the keys icon (for instance, converting brightness, or muting device quantity). Some customers on older Macs particularly choose this, as we lined in the past a while in the past.

Similarly, for those who’re the usage of a MacE-book Pro with a Touch Bar, press and grasp the Fn key to look the F1 via F12 keys after which faucet the display to make use of them.

If the Mac has a Touch Bar however you’d love to all the time see the serve as keys, you’ll be able to in reality disable the Touch Bar on MacE-book Pro in order that the Touch Bar stays the similar all the time, you’ll be able to set it to both display an F key row or the movements row, no matter you like.

If you’re new to the Mac you won’t learn about one of the most different cool tips you’ll be able to do with the Fn key, like transfer “Home” and “End.”

If your keyboard isn’t operating correctly you’ll be able to additionally permit a software-based digital keyboard, too, however steadily cleansing the Mac keyboard can enhance key press problems.

This clearly is aimed toward Mac keyboards both from Apple or 3rd events, however for those who’re the usage of a 3rd birthday party PC keyboard and you’ve got a distinct set of F keys (and even none in any respect), you’ll be able to seek the advice of your keyboard’s producer for more info concerning the serve as row.

There are a ton of alternative keyboard shortcuts, like navigating textual content among many others which might be smartly value finding out for those who spend numerous time typing on a Mac as smartly. They’ll utterly trade your recreation when you grasp those that you simply use maximum.

Do you employ the serve as keys steadily? Have you modified the conduct of any of the F keys for some other goal? Let us know your studies and ideas within the feedback.